8+ IELTS Essay Topics for IELTS with Answers, Writing Task 2 Samples

By Edvoy• Last updated: Apr 10, 2024
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The IELTS writing section is one of the essential components of the IELTS exam as it evaluates your ability to express yourself effectively in written English.

Consisting of two tasks, Writing Task 1 and Writing Task 2, this section aims to measure your skills in presenting information and opinions, as well as your capacity to organise and articulate ideas coherently.

As a result, it's important to know the most common essay topics for IELTS that are likely to come up.

In this guide, we will discuss the latest IELTS essay topics for 2024 and give you some tips on how to approach them.

These topics are often repeated in IELTS exams, so make sure you are prepared for them!

Read also: IELTS tips and tricks to score high

IELTS Writing Task 2 for Academic

IELTS Writing Task 2 for Academic assesses your ability to present and support an argument or opinion on a specific topic related to academic subjects or general issues. 

It consists of 2 tasks:

  • IELTS Writing Task 1: It assesses your ability to interpret and describe visual information accurately. In this task, you are presented with a graph, chart, table, diagram, or process, and are required to write a short report summarising the information presented.
  • IELTS Writing Task 2: It assesses your ability to present and support an argument or opinion on a specific topic related to academic subjects or general issues. It requires you to express ideas coherently, use relevant examples, and maintain a well-structured essay format.
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Types of IELTS essays

IELTS essays are divided into 5 main categories. These are:

1. Opinion essays

Opinion essays require you to express your viewpoint on a given topic. You need to clearly state whether you agree or disagree with a statement and support your opinion with relevant arguments and examples.

“You say if you agree or disagree, back it up with good reasons.”

Sample IELTS essay writing topics:

  • In your opinion, should the government invest more in space exploration or environmental conservation?
  • Do you believe that social media has a positive impact on mental health?
  • Some people argue that zoos are essential for animal conservation. What is your opinion on this matter?
  • Is it better to raise children in a single-parent family or a two-parent family? Give reasons for your opinion.
  • In your opinion, should school uniforms be mandatory for all students?
  • Do you think that violent video games contribute to aggressive behavior in children?
  • Some people believe that professional athletes are overpaid. Do you agree or disagree with this view?

2. Discussion essays

Discussion essays demand a balanced analysis of a topic by exploring both sides of an argument. You need to present the main points for each perspective and provide a thoughtful discussion.

“You need to show both sides of a topic and talk about them fairly.”

Sample IELTS essay writing topics:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable energy sources over fossil fuels.
  • What are the benefits and drawbacks of online education compared to traditional classroom learning?"
  • Examine the impact of globalisation on local cultures and traditions.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of the growing popularity of online shopping.
  • Compare and contrast the advantages and disadvantages of living in a city versus living in a rural area.
  • Examine the impact of technology on interpersonal communication in today's society.
  • Discuss the positive and negative effects of immigration on a country's economy.

3. Solution essays

Solution essays require you to identify a problem and propose effective solutions to address it. You need to analyse the causes of the issue and present practical remedies.

“You talk about a problem and give practical ideas to fix it.”

Sample IELTS essay writing topics:

  • What are the main causes of traffic congestion in urban areas, and what measures can be taken to alleviate it?
  • Discuss the steps that can be taken to reduce the use of plastic and promote eco-friendly alternatives.
  • Explain how governments can encourage citizens to adopt healthier eating habits and combat obesity.
  • What can be done to address the issue of unemployment among young people?
  • "Discuss the measures that can be implemented to reduce air pollution in major cities.
  • How can governments promote renewable energy adoption and decrease reliance on fossil fuels?
  • Explain the steps that individuals can take to reduce their carbon footprint and combat climate change.

4. Advantage or disadvantage essays

Advantage or disadvantage essays involve analyzing the positive and negative aspects of a particular subject or situation.

“You look at the good and bad parts of something.”

Sample IELTS essay writing topics:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using artificial intelligence in various industries.
  • What are the pros and cons of globalisation on the economies of developing countries?
  • Examine the benefits and drawbacks of studying abroad for higher education.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using social media for personal communication.
  • What are the positive and negative effects of tourism on local communities and the environment?
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of using nuclear power as a source of energy.
  • Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of the increasing reliance on online banking and digital transactions.

Also read: 12 best books for IELTS exam preparation

5. Direct question essays

Direct question essays consist of several direct questions related to a specific topic. You need to answer these questions comprehensively.

“You answer specific questions about a topic.”

Sample IELTS essay writing topics:

  • Should governments invest more in public transportation or road infrastructure? Why?
  • Do you believe that the use of animals for scientific research is justified? Why or why not?
  • What are the key factors that contribute to job satisfaction? How can job satisfaction be improved?
  • Should children be given access to smartphones at a young age? What are the potential consequences?
  • Do you think that the death penalty should be abolished worldwide? Why or why not?
  • What are the challenges of an ageing population, and how can societies address them?
  • Should fast-food advertising be restricted to combat the rise in obesity rates among children? Why?

Also read: List of IELTS vocabulary words

8 Common IELTS Essay Topics

Here are the common IELTS essay topics

  • Education
  • Technology
  • Environment
  • Work
  • Culture
  • Crime
  • Health
  • Family

IELTS essays can cover a wide range of topics, but some topics often appear in the exam. Let's explore The 8 most common IELTS essay topics:

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1. Education

Education is one of the most popular and influential topics for IELTS essays.

Education can take many forms, from formal education in a classroom to informal education through life experiences.

For example, in an essay about education, you could discuss the importance of formal education, the benefits and drawbacks of different types of schooling or teaching methods, or even the impact of technology on education.

Education is a complex and interesting subject. When writing an education-related essay, make sure you research different education systems around the world and provide examples to support your assertions.

Additionally, consider how education can affect different aspects of life, such as economic development or social mobility.

Depending on the question prompt and your personal opinion, you can craft compelling essays that make strong statements about education in general or focus more narrowly on particular aspects, such as technology's role in modern classroom settings.

Additionally, it helps to have a few concrete examples for supporting evidence so that your argument is convincing and well-rounded. Education is a broad topic, but with careful thought, any student can write an essay that impresses the IELTS examiners.

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2. Technology

Technology is one of the ten common IELTS essay topics and is becoming increasingly relevant in modern society.

Technology-related essays ask you to discuss the potential impact of technological solutions on an issue or analyze how technology has been used for progress in a particular field.

Technology can be used as both a positive and negative force, so it's important to consider both sides when tackling these types of IELTS essays. Be sure to explore various opinions and provide reliable evidence to support your points.

Technology should also be discussed regarding its implications for the future, particularly within the context of global development goals. In any case, keep in mind that technology should always be analyzed with a critical eye and thoughtful insight into its impacts on society.

When writing IELTS essays on technology, always use clear and thoughtful language that considers the future implications of this dynamic force.

By understanding the various facets of technology and approaching essay topics with an open mind, you'll be well-prepared to tackle any tech-related IELTS essay you encounter.

Read also: IELTS tips and tricks to score high

3. Environment

The environment is a popular topic for IELTS essays, and it's no surprise why.

Environment-related issues are growing in importance due to the impacts of climate change, pollution, and resource depletion.

As such, there are various IELTS essay topics that may focus on these issues. Examples include:

  • Discussing ways to protect our environment from pollution
  • Identifying strategies for reducing waste
  • Examining the effects of global warming
  • Studying methods of sustainable development
  • Exploring how to conserve natural resources
  • Investigating approaches to preserving biodiversity
  • Analyzing the impact of climate change
  • Evaluating renewable energy sources
  • Proposing solutions to environmental problems
  • Comparing environmental protection strategies in different countries.

It is important to keep up with current events and research related to environmental protection to provide relevant examples when writing your essays.

With the right preparation, you can ensure that your IELTS essay stands out from the crowd!

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4. Work

Work is an important topic in both Work & Study essays, which are commonly seen on IELTS exams.

Work can refer to any job or career someone has chosen to pursue, whether they are paid or unpaid. Work essays typically end with a discussion of future trends related to the topic. It would be best if you explored both sides of this issue before concluding.

Work-related topics that often appear in IELTS essays include globalization and its effect on labour markets, automation and technological advances in the workplace, new forms of employment such as freelancing or gig economy jobs, part-time or flexible working, and the ethical implications of unpaid labour.

Brainstorming different perspectives on these topics is important to develop a well-rounded essay.

Work is an interesting and often contentious topic that many students are passionate about, so it's important to ensure your arguments are clear and persuasive. Work essays require much thought and research to earn a high score on IELTS exams.

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5. Culture

Culture is a popular IELTS essay topic due to its broad scope and complexity.

Culture can include anything from national traditions, customs, lifestyles, artwork, holidays, and cuisine. Culture also reflects a country's history and values, making it an important topic of discussion in the IELTS exam.

Essays on culture may ask you to discuss how culture affects society or how particular cultural aspects have changed over time. In addition, you may be asked about your own cultural experiences or views on certain cultures worldwide.

To prepare for this type of essay, you should research different cultures and be familiar with key elements such as language, religious beliefs, values, and rituals.

Being able to draw examples from various countries will help demonstrate your understanding of the complex nature of culture.

6. Crime

Crime is a popular topic among IELTS essay questions.

Crime involves any behaviour that goes against social norms and laws, such as robbery, theft, murder, assault or even drug trafficking.

Therefore, it is important to consider both sides of an argument when writing about crime; for example, looking at both the benefits and drawbacks of harsher punishments or greater law enforcement.

Crime essay topics may include discussing the causes and effects of crime, how to tackle it, or its impact on society.

Examples of crime essay questions could involve researching the increase in juvenile delinquency, discussing effective strategies to reduce cybercrime, or providing solutions for tackling alcohol-related offences.

It is also important to provide evidence from reliable sources to support your opinion and make a compelling argument. The more informed you are about current issues concerning crime, the better prepared you will be when tackling this question type.

Ensure that your conclusion summarizes your views on crime and provides reasoned arguments that support them.

Related article: IELTS preparation books

7. Health

Health is a common topic in IELTS essays, as health and well-being are integral parts of our lives.

You might be asked about health services, health care systems, health promotion, or health education. You may also be asked to discuss the causes and effects of public health issues such as obesity.

To answer these questions successfully, you need to understand health policies and current global health trends.

You should also include sound arguments explaining why certain approaches should be used to address health problems. Citing examples from your own experience or research can help strengthen your essay and make it more convincing.

Moreover, if you can provide health-related statistics, this can also help to illustrate the seriousness of health issues.

Health is an important topic in IELTS essays, and by properly researching and understanding health policies and global health trends, you can write effective essays on the subject.

You might also like: Score high on IELTS Speaking Exam

8. Family

Family is another common IELTS essay topic.

Addressing issues such as nuclear versus extended families, parenting styles, gender roles in the home, or traditional versus modern family dynamics are all valid approaches when writing about this topic.

In any case, make sure you use relevant examples to illustrate your point and develop a logical and well-structured argument.

Family can be explored from different angles, ranging from exploring changes in family structure and values to discussing the roles of parents and children within the family dynamic.

It is also possible to write about how families interact with society or how they have adapted over generations to produce a unique culture.

Another important issue to consider when writing about family is how it has been affected by technological and social advancements. Exploring topics such as technology's impact on family life or how a changing society has led to different expectations of parents can provide interesting insights into the topic of family.

With such a wide range of possibilities, family can make for an interesting and thought-provoking essay topic on the IELTS exam.

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The IELTS essays cover a wide range of topics and have been designed to test students' writing abilities.

These above-mentioned topics are the eight most common for IELTS essays, but many other potential topics could come up in your exam.

With practice and commitment, any student can become skilled in writing compelling content for the IELTS exam.

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Frequently asked questions

What are the topics for IELTS writing?

IELTS writing topics cover a wide range of subjects, including education, health, technology, environment, society, work, and more. 

What is the most important essay for IELTS?

Both Task 1 and Task 2 essays hold importance in IELTS writing. However, Task 2 is often considered more crucial as it contributes more to your overall writing score and requires you to present and support your viewpoint on a relevant topic.

What are the common essay topics for IELTS Task 2?

Common IELTS Task 2 essay topics include subjects like climate change, technology's impact, education systems, health, social issues, and cultural diversity.

Can I write 400 words in an IELTS essay?

While there's no strict word limit, it's advisable to aim for around 250 to 300 words for Task 2 essays. Writing excessively, such as 400 words, might lead to less focused and coherent content. It's essential to prioritize clarity and quality over word count.

Is 7.0 a good IELTS writing score?

A writing score of 7.0 in IELTS is generally considered good and reflects a strong level of language proficiency. 

What happens if I don't write 250 words in IELTS?

Not meeting the recommended word count of around 250 words in Task 2 essays could potentially lead to a lower score. 

What are the 3 essay types in IELTS writing?

The three main essay types in IELTS writing Task 2 are opinion essays, discussion essays, and solution essays.

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