CGPA Calculator is a useful online tool that can help students in calculating CGPA and converting the CGPA to percentage.

VIT CGPA Calculator is a specially designed CGPA Calculator for VIT students to calculate their CGPA and convert it to percentage.

## Table of Contents

In this guide, we will discuss the VIT grading system, how grades, GPA, and CGPA are calculated at VIT, and how you can convert CGPA to percentage for VIT using the VIT CGPA calculator.

**About Vellore Institute of Technology**

Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) is among India's most renowned engineering institutions, recognised by prestigious national and international ranking like QS Rankings. The institute offers several graduates, postgraduates, and research programs in Engineering, Management, Sciences, Architecture, Agriculture, Law, and Social Sciences with stellar placement stats. More than 90% of its faculty members are Ph.D. holders from prestigious institutes in India and abroad.

VIT was established under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956, and founded in 1984 as a self-financing institution, the Vellore Engineering College. It was conferred university status in 2001 by the Union Ministry of Human Resources Development.

VIT Vellore has been ranked 10th position in research, 12th position in Engineering, and 18th position in the overall category in the recent NIRF Rankings 2022. According to the Shanghai ranking of world universities for 2022, it has been ranked in the top 601-700 universities worldwide. It has also been ranked among the top 20 universities in India for the 4th time consecutively by NIRF. In addition, it has signed international MoUs with 350+ foreign universities worldwide to promote student exchange and transfer programs.

**What is GPA?**

The Grade Point Average or GPA is a quantitative indication of a student's performance in a semester. It is calculated as the average of the student's grade points in all the courses during the semester.

**What is CGPA?**

The Cumulative Grade Point Average or CGPA is a student's overall academic performance. It is the weighted average of the grade points obtained by the student during the whole course since the first semester.

**Difference between CGPA and GPA**

Although both GPA and CGPA indicate the student's academic performance, one big difference exists between them. GPA is the average of the student's grade points in all the courses during a single semester, while CGPA is the average of the grade points obtained by the student during the whole course. GPA is calculated for a single semester, while CGPA is calculated for the entire course duration.

**VIT grading system**

The students get a 'Letter Grade' in every registered course at the end of a semester, showing the results of qualitative and quantitative assessments of a student's performance. A student is declared to have passed the course if he earns any of the performance grades: S, A, B, C, D, E, or P. The course's overall grade depends on the course component's credit ratio.

A student is declared to have passed on meeting the following conditions:

- on securing a minimum of 40% marks in theory Final Assessment Test alone.
- on securing a minimum of 50% marks, out of the total marks awarded to the laboratory or project components.
- on securing a minimum of 50% marks, out of the total marks awarded to the course, for all other courses except the 'theory only course.'

Students failing to meet the above passing criteria are given an F grade, meaning they must re-register the course to clear it. Grade F is given to the students

- who fail to clear the course because of their poor performance.
- whose grand total of the course does not meet the passing range, although the student may have cleared all the components individually.

Students who fail to write the Final Assessment Test for valid medical reasons are initially awarded an ‘N’ grade, but they are eligible to apply for a supplementary Final Assessment Test. After the supplementary Final Assessment Test, the ‘N’ grade will be converted into a performance grade. The grade 'N' is divided into 4 subcategories. These are

- N1: awarded to students who failed to clear one or more course components.
- N2: awarded to students who were debarred due to lack of attendance.
- N3: awarded to students who were absent in the Final Assessment Test.
- N4: awarded to students who were debarred in the Final Assessment Test due to indiscipline or malpractice.

**VIT Letter to Grade Point Conversion Table**

Letter Grade | Grade Point | Remarks |
---|---|---|

S | 10 | Pass in the course |

A | 9 | Pass in the course |

B | 8 | Pass in the course |

C | 7 | Pass in the course |

D | 6 | Pass in the course |

E | 5 | Pass in the course |

F | Zero | Fail in the course |

N | Zero | N1: fails to clear one or more course component N2: debarred due to lack of attendance N3: absent in the Final Assessment Test N4: debarred in Final Assessment Test due to indiscipline or malpractice. |

W | - | Course registration Withdrawn from a credit/ Audit course |

U | - | Successfully completed an Audit Course |

P | - | Passed in a ‘Pass-Fail’ course |

Y | - | Still to complete the course component |

**How are VIT grades calculated?**

The Letter Grade awarded to the students for their performance in a course is based on two Grading concepts. These are:

*Absolute Grading**Relative Grading*

**Absolute Grading:** The absolute grading concept is adopted when the strength of the class is less than or equal to 10 in a theory or lab-embedded theory course.

Letter Grade | Marks Range ( Maximum marks = 100) |
---|---|

S | >=90 |

A | >= 80 but < 90 |

B | >= 70 but < 80 |

C | >= 60 but < 70 |

D | >= 55 but < 60 |

E | >= 50 but < 55 |

F | Less than 50 |

**Relative Grading:** The relative grading concept is adopted when the strength of the class is more than 10 in a theory or lab-embedded theory course. The grades are awarded to students according to their performance relative to the other students in the same class. The class average mark is taken as the midpoint of the B grade, and the other grades are finalized relative to this and depending on the sigma (σ, standard deviation) value.

Relative Grading Formula | Letter Grade |
---|---|

Total Marks >= (Mean + 1.5σ) with a minimum of 90% total marks | S |

Total Marks >= (Mean + 0.5σ) and Total Marks < (Mean + 1.5σ) | A |

Total Marks >= (Mean - 0.5σ) and Total Marks < (Mean + 0.5σ) | B |

Total Marks >= (Mean – 1.0 σ) and Total Marks < (Mean - 0.5σ) | C |

Total Marks >= (Mean - 1.5σ) and Total Marks < (Mean - 1.0 σ) | D |

Total Marks >= (Mean - 2.0σ) and Total Marks < (Mean - 1.5σ) | E |

Total Marks < (Mean - 2.0σ) | F |

**How to calculate GPA at VIT**

VIT considers two parameters while calculating GPA - grades obtained and corresponding credits assigned. VIT has assigned each Letter Grade some numeric Grade points, like S - 10, A - 9, B - 8, C - 7, D - 6, E - 5, F – 0. The formula to calculate CGPA at VIT is as follows:

**GPA = (Grades*Credits)/Credits**

Suppose a student has scored S (Credits - 5) in Physics, A (Credits - 2) in Discrete Math, A (Credits - 4) in Programming Language, B (Credits - 4) in Database, and -C (Credits - 5) in Oracle, then the GPA will be calculated as,

** (10*5)+(9*2)+(9*4)+(8*4)+(7*5)/(5+2+4+4+5) = 8.55**

## GPA Calculator

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**How to calculate CGPA at VIT**

The formula to calculate CGPA at VIT is as follows:

𝐶𝐺𝑃𝐴 = ∑ (𝐶𝑖 ∗ 𝐺𝑃) / ∑ 𝐶𝑖

Where

- Ci is the number of credits for the course,
- GP is the grade points earned
- i is the courses registered in all semesters

## CGPA Calculator

You can also use the VIT CGPA calculator to calculate your CGPA.

**Related Calculators**

- Convert SGPA to Percentage
- Convert CGPA to Percentage
- Anna University GPA Calculator
- Mumbai University CGPA to Percentage Calculator

**How to convert VIT CGPA to percentage?**

According to VIT university regulations, CGPA is converted to the percentage using the following formula:

**Percentage equivalent of CGPA = CGPA * 10**

For example, if the CGPA of a student is 8.25, then its percentage equivalent will be 82.5%.

## CGPA to Percentage Calculator

**FAQs:**

**1. How to calculate a CGPA of 5.77 percentage in VIT?**

It's pretty simple to convert a CGPA to a percentage, just multiply the CGPA by 10. So 5.77 CGPA will be 57.7% in VIT.

**2. What is a good CGPA in VIT?**

A CGPA of more than 9 is generally considered pretty good. However, for placements in reputed product-based companies like CISCO, PayPal, etc., a CGPA of 8.7 or more is sufficient.

**3. What is the formula of CGPA?**

The formula to calculate CGPA at VIT is as follows:

𝐶𝐺𝑃𝐴 = ∑ (𝐶𝑖 ∗ 𝐺𝑃) / ∑ 𝐶𝑖

Where

- Ci is the number of credits for the course,
- GP is the grade points earned
- i is the courses registered in all semesters

**4. What is the N1 grade in VIT?**

The N1 grade in VIT is awarded to students who fail to clear one or more components of a course.

**5. What does S grade mean in VIT?**

S grade is the highest performance grade in VIT, having 10-grade points. If a student has been awarded an S grade, it means he has obtained 90 or more marks in the course.